Groundbreaking Wing Chun Instructor Expands Expertise over Greatmats

Chris Damiano Builds Academy into One of the Best in Gulf Coast

By Brett Hart

After 32 years in martial arts, Sifu Chris Damiano has been round the world honing his skills in everything from wrestling to Hapkido to Judo, Boxing, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu and Jeet Kune Do and has developed a strong understanding of what works for him and his students.

A Chicago native, Sifu Damiano originally moved to Florida because he needed training partners. Soon he was teaching others how to be his training partners.

Chris Damiano owner Centerline Martial Arts Greatmats Grappling Mats

Wing Chun
In 1994, he narrowed his focus exclusively to Wing Chung and six years later traveled to Hong Kong to study with Grandmaster Ip Ching, the second eldest son of Bruce Lee’s mentor Ip Man. Damiano later became an instructor under Ip Ching, opening Centerline Martial Arts out of his garage in Destin, Florida in 2000. A contractor during the day, Sifu Damiano finally opened Centerline as a full-time martial arts academy in 2007. He quickly became one of the most sought after instructors in the Gulf Coast and was named the USA International Black Belt Hall of Fame’s 2013 Wing Chun Instructor of the Year.

Damiano now also has academies underneath his banner in St. Louis, Boston and Las Vegas.

Chris Damiano Centerline Martial Arts Greatmats Grappling Mats

Jiu Jitsu
Over the last four years, Damiano has added Gracie Jiu Jitsu to his repertoire, studying under fellow 30-plus year martial artist Sensei Brandon Hetzler, who has achieved black belts of varying degrees in Fudoshin Taijutsu, Goju-Ryu, Shito-Ryu and Gracie Jiu-Jitsu.

Sifo Damiano still splits his time between his contracting work and martial arts, teaching three days per week, but with other instructors, the academy is used 5-6 days per week.

centerline-martial-arts-chris-damiano8

The Need for Mats
With his current academy being located in the second story of an office building and his teaching expanding beyond Wing Chun to striking/kickboxing and jiu jitsu, he quickly discovered that concrete flooring was no longer suitable for his practices.

That’s when he discovered Greatmats martial arts floors. One of his friends with a big Karate school told him about Greatmats, and Hetzler, who has used Greatmats flooring in his home dojo for six years, both highly recommended Greatmats to Sifu Damiano.

In 2012, Damiano equipped his academy with Greatmats 20 mm inch thick martial arts mats and a pro pole pad. While he was happy with the quality of the mats, they proved to be too thin for his judo and jiu jitsu work – especially in the kids classes. So he ordered three of Greatmats’ 2 inch thick 4×10 foot folding mats to add more cushion for those exercises.

Centerline Martial Arts Chris Damiano Greatmats MMA Grappling Mats

Greatmats Grappling MMA Mats
In 2015, he upgraded to Greatmats’ 1 5/8 inch thick Grappling MMA Mats, with a no burn tatami surface and 4-foot critical fall height rating, and sold off his 7/8 inch mats to students for garage workout areas.

”These mats are not as taxing on the body for what I’m doing now,” Sifu Damiano said. ”I love those mats! My school’s completely covered in it except for my back room.”

With approximately 20 students per class and 45 of his 60 students being adults, the mats are regularly put to the test.

”Those mats get an awful lot of use every night,” He added. ”The overall quality of those mats are great. They’re durable. We usually do 45 minutes of technique and eight 5-minute rounds of sparring/grappling. We always start standing. Using wrestling takedowns or judo takedowns, three rounds of kickboxing and three rounds of kickboxing with takedowns. I love that tatami top.”

Pole Padding
The Grappling MMA mats have eliminated his need for the folding mats, but added that the pole pad is still a ”very needed piece” in his school, noting that it is often used as a circuit training tool.

”People use it to train on; kids kick it,” Sifu Damiano said. ”Sometimes I use that to line them up, and they can do some of their striking on that as part of the stations.”

A believer in ”time put in equals skill,” Sifu Damiano has definitely put in his time, and for the last five years, that time has been put in over Greatmats martial arts floors.

Centerline Martial Arts class on Greatmats Grappling MMA Mats and Greatmats Pole Paddding
Chris Damiano
Centerline Martial Arts
Destin FL 32550
For more on this topic please review our Martial Arts Mats product page.
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World Champion Ellwanger ‘United’ with BJJ Excellence

Ellwanger Won’t Let Himself, or His Students, Be ‘Burned’ by Inferior Mats

Gracie United Video

By Brett Hart

A lifelong martial artist, Rafael Ellwanger, began testing out different disciplines at age 4 when his mother enrolled him in judo classes. After training in Tae Kwon Do, Kung Fu, Boxing, Muay Thai and Krav Maga, Ellwanger found his calling when he started training in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu – 21 years ago.

In 1997, as a 21-year-old college student, Ellwanger fought in his first competition as a blue belt at the Pan-American Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Tournament in Hawaii and earned a bronze medal.

”That day, I realized I would like to be a martial artist for life,” Ellwanger said.

Rafael Ellwanger with Greatmats Martial Arts Mats

That wasn’t an easy dream to pursue, however, as being a martial artist in Brazil was a blue collar job, and it meant leaving a great computer science job. Although his mother has always been a great motivator for Rafael, his family was not particularly supportive of him pursuing Brazilian Jiu Jitsu as a career. This impeded Rafael’s confidence to jump head first into that dream. Nevertheless, that dream was meant to be.

Chasing the Dream
Training under Professor Ailson ”Jucao” Brites and Carlos Gracie, Jr., in Brasilia, Brazil, Ellwanger represented Gracie Barra for 17 years. On March 26, 2006, Rafael moved to the United States and, two weeks later, was awarded his black belt.

Carlos Gracie Jr and Rafael Ellwanger in 2011 Greatmats

The following year, Ellwanger began the South USA Grappling Association because, ”The jiu jitsu community need a well organized event in the area – and several events a year.”

”Our people used to travel to Georgia and Texas to compete,” he added. ”I invested all I had to provide a good event when nobody believed in BJJ in the south, and there was no money to be made. Now, we have several other players doing events here.”

Part of that investment meant getting new mats for his Gracie United Brazilian Jiu Jitsu gyms and SUGA tournaments. After much research, he chose Greatmats’ 1 5/8 inch thick Grappling MMA Mats. He said he chose Greatmats Grappling Mats because of their price, quality, lightweight nature, non-slip surface and most importantly – ”no mat burns.”

Gracie United Team Greatmats

In 2012, Ellwanger opted to leave Gracie Barra in order to rejoin forces with Jucao ”like the good old days.”

”He was always my mentor and a leader, and it did not feel right to be on different teams,” Ellwanger said. ”That was the best decision I ever made.”

The next year, Ellwanger won the 2013 International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation Black Belt Master 2 Division World Championship. And within six months, he was on top of the world again, earning the IBJJF #1 Black Belt world ranking.

Rafael Ellwanger 2006 Jiu Jitsu Championship Greatmats

Passing on the Legacy
Ellwanger, now a third degree black belt, owns two Louisiana-based gyms – one in Hammond/Ponchatoula, and one in Mandeville. On top of that, he now has 18 students who own and operate their own gyms under the the Gracie United banner – in Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama. Professor Jucao has another 20 locations across five countries – United States, Brazil, Spain, Portugal and Ireland.

Eighteen Gracie United gyms are now equipped with Greatmats Grappling MMA Mats – as well as Ellwanger’s federation.

”They are perfect for BJJ,” Ellwanger said. ”Not slippery, two colors and no mat burns!”

”I would guess we have 2,500 puzzle mats… from Greatmats. … We bought our mats in 2007, when we expanded from our very first gym. I decided to make the investment and… use the mats in the federation and the gym. Since then, I keep selling my used mats from the federation to the new school owners and rebuying new mats from Greatmats to replace them – and keep them new and nice.”

An additional benefit he’s found with Greatmats Grappling Mats is the ability for growth.

”I can always add or replace mats when I need it,” Ellwanger said. ”We move several locations and all gyms have a different shape and size. If you buy roll mats, you might have to cut it, and they usually come 6 feet wide – very hard to add and expand.”

High Impact Sport
As part of Rafael’s journey through BJJ he’s found that helping others achieve their goals is the most rewarding part.

”No matter what it is and how hard it would be, we are in the position to impact people’s lives,” he said.

His life has been impacted by the sport as well.

Rafael’s wife, Brea, is also a fighter and travels all over the world to compete. A few months after starting BJJ, however, she became pregnant and stopped training for almost two years.

Brea and Ariana Ellwanger Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Greatmats

Even so, ”she was there watching and paying attention,” Rafael said. ”When she came back, she was on fire. It was a lot of work to catch up from that two-year break.”

Brea was a 2015 world medalist and earned a gold medal at the 2016 IBJJF Pan American Championships Purple Master 1 Heavy Division. She was also ranked one of the top 15 purple belts in the world.

In the Blood
This BJJ power couple is keeping the sport in its bloodlines as well, as their two children also compete. Their son, Zion, is a 17-year-old blue belt, while the daughter, Ariana, is a 7-year-old gray belt.

”Both train and compete a lot,” Rafael said, noting that Zion is naturally talented and loves triangles while Ariana is an extremely hard worker.

Even though Rafael outranks the rest of his family, he says Brea is still the boss. And, as he approaches his 40th birthday, he is thankful for all of his mentors and training partners, including Brea, who helped him become the man he is today.

”It is very hard to be a husband and coach at the same time,” Rafael said. ”Things get tricky, and she gets mad sometimes. But it is all good – nothing a couple of nights on the couch would not fix.”

Learn about the Ellwanger’s 2016 South USA Grappling Association Tournament Season

Rafael Ellwanger
Gracie United BJJ
Ponchatoula LA 70454
For more on this topic please review our Grappling and MMA Mats product page.

Leading By Example with Zachary Hansen: Kyuki-Do Instructor

Kyuki-Do Instructor Competes in Throwing and Grappling Tournament

By Brett Hart

Martial Arts haven’t always been on American Kyuki-Do Federation (AKF) 2nd Dan Zachary Hansen’s radar. A former fiber optic communications professional, Mr. Hansen was introduced to Kyuki-Do seven years ago when his then 4-year old daughter, Olivia, won a free two-week trial at a 4K family fun night.

”She was having fun, and we weren’t in any other activities at the point, so we decided to enroll her. She excelled at it and enjoyed it,” Mr. Hansen said, ”I watched her for a year and said ‘That looks like way too much fun.”

Joining the fun
Zachary Hansen kyuki-do competition AKF GreatmatsAround that time Master Greg Garves cornered Mr. Hansen and encouraged him to enroll as well.

”I kind of blew him off and gave him the, ‘Check back in two weeks.”’ Mr. Hansen said. ”He held me accountable… and here I am seven years later. … It’s never something I envisioned myself doing, but I am thankful for it, and it’s been something my entire family has been able to do together.”

In fact Mr. Hansen, his wife, Bev, and daughter, Olivia, all promoted to their first degree black belt together. Mr. Hansen is now the owner and chief instructor of two academies – in New Richmond and River Falls, Wisconsin.

Competitive Spirit
Zachary Hansen grappling kyuki-do tournament AKF GreatmatsRecently the AKF, which blends multiple disciplines of martial arts into one, held its second ever throwing and grappling-centered tournament in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, and Mr. Hansen decided to participate in both the judo and jiu jitsu brackets, earning first place in jiu jitsu and second place in judo.

”You want to put yourself out there,” Mr. Hansen said. ”I’m an instructor and an owner. I’ve got to be willing to put myself out there if I’m going to ask my students to do the same. Plus, being 38, I’m not exactly young, but I’m not old. (It’s one way to be) a good role model for my little bit older students, parents and other adults. You don’t have to be this ripped 20 year old to go out there and compete and have fun. It’s about the camaraderie and just the experience and learning about yourself.”

As someone who’s participated in folk style wrestling since second grade, it may seem this style of competition would be a natural fit for him, but Mr. Hansen said judo and jiu jitsu is a ”whole other can of worms.”

He enjoyed the change of pace from the traditional Kyuki-Do Tournaments, which focus mainly on forms, sparring and weapons.

”The grappling tournament is definitely more of a physical challenge, compared to the more mental challenge of our other style tournaments,” he said. ”Yes there’s sparring, but when you start getting into judo, jiu jitsu – the grappling stuff, there’s definitely a whole other level of physical involved. There’s strength and conditioning, especially the cardio workout. It’s a whole other level.”

As for the judo portion, he recognizes that he’s got a lot of work to do on this throws, but was happy to last a long as he did against an opponent he’s lost to a couple of times before.

”He’s definitely a good judo player,” Mr. Hansen said. ”He’s definitely got skill and knowledge. I survived longer than I thought I would. It goes to show, don’t cut yourself short against somebody else or based strictly on size because cardio comes into play and technique too. It’s not always strength and size.”

Ripple effect
Zachary Hansen kyuki-do tournament AKF GreatmatsFollowing his example, 15 of his students also took part in the tournament and enjoyed the experience.

”I had a young man who took last in both events, but as I was watching him, he was smiling and had a great time,” Mr. Hansen said. ”He was just there to have fun. Whether he won or lost, it didn’t affect his spirit. He had a great time, and he was excited that I was able to watch him compete. That meant a lot for him to say that, coming from a student.”

”(AKF federation events) paint a bigger picture of what Kyuki-Do is about outside of our academy and our local area and meet more of our extended Kyuki-Do family,” he added. ”I don’t use that word family lightly. It truly is an extended family. The camaraderie and the friendships that I’ve made are priceless, and they’re going to be here for a long time. It’s fun to walk into an event and know that your kids are in a safe environment, and they can just run about and know that someone’s going to be holding them accountable besides you. … To have that feeling and be in an environment like that is unbelievable and it’s almost unheard of. It’s one of my biggest reasons to promote the federation events.”

”For me its just the personal health benefits from being physical and training and just fun.”

While competition isn’t his primary focus, Mr. Hansen said, ”I’ve got that competitive bone in my body, so it’s a way for me to feed that competitiveness. I loved the tournaments and wrestling in high school, and this is a way to still kind of fulfill that childhood need.”

Learn more about American Kyuki-Do Federation Events and Athletes.

Zachary Hansen
AKF Martial Arts Academy
New Richmond WI 54017
For more on this topic please review our Grappling and MMA Mats product page.

Greatmats Gives Back to its Earliest Martial Arts Mats Customers

Greatmats Superfan Contest: Martial Arts Edition

Greatmats wants to honor its earliest martial arts mats customers through its Greatmats Superfan Contest.

Aug. 17, 2016 — Wisconsin-based specialty flooring company Greatmats is looking to honor its earliest martial arts mats customers. Founded in 1999, Greatmats has become one of the most respected supplier of martial arts mats in the United States. Starting with karate mats, Greatmats selection of martial arts mats has grown to including mats specifically designed for taekwondo, judo, jiu jitsu, grappling and mixed martial arts.

As a thank you to its earliest customers, Greatmats is offering an opportunity for anyone who purchased its martial arts mats at least 10 years ago to receive up to $100 in cash and have their story and/or business featured on greatmats.com and its social media site.

For more details on the contest and prizes, visit http://www.greatmats.com/martial-arts-mats/greamats-superfan-contest-martial-arts-edition.php.

Greatmats 1" karate mats

Greatmats entered the martial arts business with a line of karate mats.

Kyuki-Do Martial Arts of Elgin well represented at Spring Tournament of Champions

Elgin Kyuki-Do Team

Kyuki-Do Martial Arts of Elgin participants at 2016 AKF Spring Tournament of Champions

Greatmats AKF Champions

Yolanda Juaraz-Morales (left) tied with Drew McCurdy (center) for the 18 and over Grand Championship. Juarez-Morales later won a “Form Off” between the two.

While Kyuki-Do Martial Arts of Elgin (Illinois) provided ¼ of the nearly 200 participants at the American Kyuki-Do Federation’s Spring Tournament of Champions in Huntley, Ill., on May 7, approximately 15 academies participated in the festivities. One of the biggest surprises was the arrival of 19 competitors for AKF Lexington (Kentucky).

Greatmats AKF Family

The American Kyuki-Do Federation, sponsored by Greatmats, is a family friendly Martial Arts Federation.

Highlighting the Greatmats-sponsored event was the performances of Corrynn Anderson, Yolanda Juarez-Morales and Drew McCurdy. Anderson, of Huntley, won the 17 and under grand championship, while Juarez-Morales and McCurdy, both of Elgin, tied for the 18 and over grand championship which had to be decided by a “Form-Off at Kyuki-Do Martial Arts of Elgin on Saturday, May 14. Ms. Morales as the overwhelming winner.

Check out the next AKF event on Aug. 13, 2016 when the Summer Tournament of Champions comes to Eau Claire, Wisconsin.

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If you attend any 2016 AKF tournament, don’t forget to enter the photobomb contest by tournament sponsor Greatmats. Learn more about the contest at http://www.greatmats.com/martial-arts-mats/greatmats-photobomb-contest.php.

 

Greatmats offers $1,000 prize for Most Inspiring Martial Arts Story

Win $1000 for your inspiring Martial Arts Story

Most Inspiring Story $1,000 Giveaway: Greatmats Martial Arts Edition

MILLTOWN, WISC. – Every martial artist has a different reason for taking up the sport, and a different reason for sticking with it. For some, its all about fitness. Others have an unquenchable competitive spirit. Martial Arts are commonly taught for self defense and serve some who have been bullied or fear they might be. For some its more about inner peace or camaraderie. For whatever reason, Martial Arts have long helped people cope and conquer challenges in their lives.

Greatmats, a Wisconsin-based martial arts flooring leader, is seeking out inspiring martial arts stories to share how martial arts have served to help people overcome challenges.

The most inspiring story will win up to $1,000 in Greatmats credit or up to $700 in cash through Greatmats’ “Most Inspiring Story $1,000 Giveaway: Martial Arts Edition”. Greatmats is accepting submissions through Jan. 10, 2016.

For more details on the contest and how to enter, visit http://www.greatmats.com/gmats-giveaway.php.

 

A quick guide to martial arts flooring: Which is best for your discipline?

Karate Mats

1 thick Karate mats are designed as a top quality interlocking martial arts mat for Karate and Taekwondo. This interlocking Karate mat is a firm, high density polyethylene (PE) and ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) foam tile with a smooth leather surface finish specifically designed for barefoot and soft shoe foot work and striking moves.

If you’re gaining interest in the exciting world of martial arts and are looking to take your commitment to the next level by setting up your own home or commercial training facility, knowing where to begin can be intimidating. With hundreds of different martial arts disciplines originating from dozens of countries, how can you be sure you and your training space are speaking the same language when shopping for the safest, most durable and most appropriate flooring for your needs.

The first thing to keep in mind is – where does your discipline originate? Are you creating a dojo, dojang, gym or kwoon? While all of those terms may refer to a similar space, each has a different origin and possibly a different intent. Knowing the terminology is important. Not all martial arts are created equal as each has a different focus.

Here’s a quick reference to some of the most popular forms of martial arts studios, their origin and some common disciplines performed in those spaces.

Common Training Hall Names

  1. Dojo: training place for Japanese martial arts such as Karate, Judo, Aikido or Jiu-Jitsu
  2. Dojang: training space for Korean martial arts such as Taekwondo or Hapkido
  3. Kwoon: training facility for Chinese martial arts (aka Kung Fu)
  4. Gym: general term for an American training hall for martial arts such as Western Boxing or Wrestling

Factors for proper martial arts flooring

When considering flooring for your training facility, material and construction can make a big difference in comfort, safety and ease of movements. Most martial arts flooring is made of an impact-absorbing foam material. Thickness, density and surface texture play vital roles in selecting the proper flooring for your discipline.

For striking martial arts such as Taekwondo and Karate, a high density foam is needed. If training with soft shoes a barefoot, a smooth, non-slip surface serves best to allow for proper footwork. Hard or slippery flooring can and will cause injury. A 1 inch thickness of high density foam will provide the ideal cushion and support for striking martial arts. Thatch top textures can increase the versatility and add resistance to wear and tear from shoes and boots for combat or aerobic training, but are not as gentle on bare feet. Greatmats Martial Arts Karate Mat Premium 1 Inch

When the majority of your sport takes place on the ground, such as in grappling or Mixed Martial Arts, you will want a slightly softer, thicker and more durable material that has a fall height rating of at least 4 feet. The surface texture should also be one that does not cause rug burns. A 1 5/8 inch thick EVA foam mat with a tatami texture is ideal for these situations. It will provide excellent support for grappling, take downs and ground work without burning the skin.Greatmats Grappling MMA Mats 1-5/8 Inch

For high impact landings, you’ll want a crash pad with a thickness of at least 2 inches. Crash pads are often available in thicknesses up to 12 inches with durable vinyl covers. The greater the impact, the thicker the mat you’ll need. These are ideal for practicing rolls, falls and takedowns. Greatmats Pro MMA Mats Smooth 1x2 Meter 2 Inch

All martial arts flooring should be non-absorbent, chemical resistant and easy to clean. Martial arts flooring can come in many forms including, rolls, tiles or fold up mats. Generally speaking, rolls are the most inexpensive option, but can be the most cumbersome to install due to size and weight. Interlocking tiles proved the most versatility for both design and installation. They are great for permanent or temporary installation and do no call for tape or adhesives. Fold up mats are good for crash pads.

Below is a quick guide to the top 15 forms of martial arts today.

Top 15 Martial Arts

  1. Wrestling: Dating back to the Bronze Age (3300-1200 BC) in France, wrestling is the original form of martial art which involves throws, takedowns, grappling holds, clinch fighting and joint locks. The goal is to end the match by way of a pin.
  2. Boxing: Born in the Iron Age (1200-550 BC) in Mesopotamia, boxing is a martial art in which all contact occurs using the upper body – almost entirely through the use of punches. The goal is to knock down or knock out the opponent
  3. Jiu Jitsu: A Japanese martial art of close combat that began during the Sengoku period (1467-1603) using no weapons or only a short weapon. Jiu Jitsu is known as a gentle martial art. Its strategy is to manipulate the opponent’s force against himself/herself using grappling techniques joint locks, throws and pins.
  4. Judo: A Japanese martial art with the objective of immobilizing or subduing an opponent with a pin or forced submission. Established in 1882, Judo uses throws, takedowns, joint locks and chokes. Hand and foot strikes and thrusts are involved, but not in competition. Judo is one of two olympic forms of martial arts.
  5. Muay Thai: Originating in Thailand in the 16th century, Muay Thai, originally known as Siamese-Style boxing, uses stand-up striking along with clinching techniques using fists, elbows, knees and shins.
  6. Karate: Primarily a striking art using punches, kicks, knee and elbow strikes, Karate also utilizes open hand techniques such as palm-heel strikes, spear hands and knife hands. Karate is believed to have begun secretively in the late 1300s in Okinawa, Japan, under a fighting system know as te.Fumio Demura The Real Mr. Miyagi Karate Kid Greatmats
  7. Hapkido: Primarily used for self defense, Hapkido is a Korean martial art that utilizes numerous forms of attacking methods, including kicks, punches, weapons, joint locks, grappling and throws. Weapons can include various sticks, swords, knives and ropes. Hapkido is believed to have begun in the 1940s.
  8. Taekwondo: Also a Korean martial art, Taekwondo places heavy emphasis on kicks, but also includes hand strikes. Believed to have originated in the 1940s or 50s, it has also been known as Tae Soo Do.Infinity Martial Arts Taekwondo Greatmats
  9. Aikido: A Japanese martial art, beginning in the 1920s, Aikido is used for self defense that also avoids injury to the attacker. Its techniques redirect the momentum of the opponent’s attack and finish with a throw or joint lock.
  10. Krav Maga: A martial art developed in Israel for self defense, Krav Maga is derived from street fighting skills and combined those from Aikido, Boxing, Judo and Wrestling in the 1930s and 40s to focus on counter attacks in real world situations. If confrontation cannot be avoided, the goal is to end a fight as quickly as possible by attacking the most vulnerable parts of the body. There are no rules in Krav Maga.
  11. Kung Fu: While the term Kung Fu refers any skill acquired through practice, it is commonly used as a general term for Chinese Martial Arts intended for self defense, hunting and military training using hand-to-hand combat and weapons. Legend has it, Chinese Martial arts began more than 4,000 years ago.
  12. Kickboxing: This form of martial art comes in two styles, Japanese kickboxing (started in the 1960s) and American Kickboxing (started in the 1970s), but in general includes all stand-up combat sports that allow both punching and kicking.
  13. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ): A martial art that focuses on grappling and ground fighting, BJJ’s roots are in Kodokan Judo ground fighting. It emphasizes the use of leverage and ground fighting to even the playing field between unevenly sized opponents. Opponents are defeated by applying joint locks and choke holds.Rodrigo Comprido on MMA MAts Smooth 1x2 Meter 2 Inch Thick Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Greatmats
  14. Jeet Kune Do (JKD): Founded by Bruce Lee in 1967, the premise behind his martial art is that it has no form or patterns, making it unpredictable and flexible. It is based on minimal moments with extreme speed, adjusting techniques for the given situation. JKD does use kicks, punches, traps and grappling techniques.
  15. Mixed Martial Arts (MMA): MMA leagues began in the United States in 1980, but were originally known as Tough Guy Contests. They really gained popularity in 1993 with the founding of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC). These leagues allow various martial arts styles with both striking and grappling techniques using both standing and ground attacks.